This buttonsize device could tell you whether youre getting too much sun

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Country This button-size device could tell you whether you’re getting too much suncenter_img To test the technology, researchers had volunteers wear multiple chips on different parts of their bodies while participating in a variety of outdoor activities, like hiking and swimming, over 4 days. They also wore a larger, traditional dosimeter for comparison.The minidosimeter performed just as well as the bigger models, the team reports today in Science Translational Medicine. And because the volunteers could wear multiple minidosimeters at once, they could simultaneously track how much sunlight different parts of the body receive. The device could even have applications beyond the beach, says the researchers, for example monitoring the therapeutic light treatment given to preterm infants with jaundice. By Frankie SchembriDec. 5, 2018 , 2:00 PM When it comes to catching some rays, it can be tough to strike the right balance. Too little sun can lead to a deficiency of vitamin D and disrupted sleep, whereas too much can leave you with a nasty sunburn and a higher risk of developing skin cancer.Anyone wishing to measure their ultraviolet exposure must currently rely on devices known as dosimeters, which are the size of a name tag or a wristwatch and use a light-sensitive material to calculate exposure to different types of radiation, including sunlight. But these are often expensive, rely on battery packs sensitive to water damage, and must be fastened to clothing with straps or clips, making them cumbersome for a day at the beach.Enter the minidosimeter. The device—which looks like a button—sticks directly to skin or clothes, even when they’re wet. It uses a photodiode, a kind of semiconductor that converts light into electricity, to not only measure the sunlight to which it’s been exposed, but for power, eliminating the need for batteries. A tiny antenna sends measurements wirelessly to the user’s smartphone.last_img read more

Family of deadly Vegas shooting victim sues gun makers

first_img Best Of Express Cabinet asks finance panel to consider securing funds for defence Courts have typically rejected lawsuits against gun manufacturers and dealers in other high-profile shooting attacks, citing a 2005 federal law that shields gun makers from liability in most cases when their products are used in crimes.Neither Colt nor any of the other manufacturers immediately responded to requests for comment from The Associated Press. But a national trade association formed on behalf of the firearms industry in 1961 said in an email to AP on Wednesday there is no legal basis for the lawsuit.Lawrence G. Keane, senior vice president and general counsel for the National Shooting Sports Foundation, said the responsibility for the tragedy in Las Vegas “rests with the criminal who committed the violent and reprehensible acts.”“It is wrong to blame the manufacturers of legal, non-defective products lawfully sold for the actions of a madman,” he wrote. “Doing so would be like attempting to hold Ford responsible for a deranged criminal who affixes after-market parts to a Mustang and then misused that car to attack a group of pedestrians.”The attorney for the Parsons family, Joshua Koskoff, is representing relatives of victims of the Newtown school massacre in a similar lawsuit. The Connecticut Supreme Court in March ruled that gun-maker Remington could be sued for the way it marketed an AR-15-style rifle used to kill 20 first graders and six educators at Sandy Hook Elementary School in 2012. Remington plans to appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court.The Las Vegas shooter opened fire on the crowd of 22,000 from his suite in a tower of the Mandalay Bay casino-resort. Police and the FBI say the gunman acted alone and killed himself before officers reached his hotel room.The FBI’s Behavioral Analysis unit later found the shooter sought notoriety in the attack on the open-air concert but cited no “single or clear motivating factor.”The lawsuit is among more than a dozen filed since the Oct. 1, 2017, shooting, though it’s the first to target a gun maker.Victims have sued MGM Resorts International, which operated the concert venue and owns the Mandalay Bay hotel, along with the concert promoter and others. Taking stock of monsoon rain MGM Resorts then sued hundreds of victims in a bid to avoid liability. The company has been in settlement talks with the victims and their families. After Masood Azhar blacklisting, more isolation for Pakistan More Explained Advertising Advertising The lawsuit is the latest case to challenge a federal law shielding gun manufacturers from liability. It charges that gun makers marketed the ability of the AR-15-style weapons to be easily modified to mimic machine guns and fire continuously, violating both a state and federal ban on automatic weapons.A firearms industry group said Wednesday the man who opened fire on a country music concert is the only one responsible for the deaths.Parsons and his wife Ann-Marie argue in the lawsuit that the firearms are “thinly disguised” machine guns that the manufacturers knew could be easily modified, even without the use of a “bump stock,” an attachment used by the Las Vegas gunman that allowed him to fire in rapid succession.The Trump administration banned bump stocks this year, making it illegal to possess them under the same federal laws that prohibit machine guns. “Someone murdered our daughter,” said James Parsons, whose 31-year-old daughter Carrie Parsons was one of 58 people killed when a gunman rained down gunfire from a high-rise hotel. “Someone should be held accountable for that.”A wrongful death lawsuit filed Tuesday targets Colt and seven other gun manufacturers, along with gun shops in Nevada and Utah, arguing their weapons are designed to be easily modified to fire like automatic weapons.“It was a horrifying, agonizing experience and we don’t want this to happen to other families,” Parsons told The Associated Press of the deadliest mass shooting in modern U.S. history. Karnataka trust vote today: Speaker’s call on resignations, says SC, but gives rebel MLAs a shield Advertising Related News “We understand this is an uphill battle,” Ann-Marie Parsons told the AP on Wednesday from their home in suburban Seattle. “But somebody has got to do something because the carnage continues.”“Losing our daughter is the worst thing that ever happened to us. It is hurtful to us every time we see these things happen,” she said.The lawsuit charges the manufacturers showed a “reckless lack of regard for public safety” by advertising the firearms “as military weapons and signaling the weapon’s ability to be simply modified.” It alleges there are dozens of videos online showing people how to install bump stocks.“It was only a question of when – not if – a gunman would take advantage of the ease of modifying AR-15s to fire automatically in order to substantially increase the body count,” the lawsuit states. MGM sues Las Vegas shooting victims in push to avoid liability Las Vegas shooting: Victims outraged over MGM’s lawsuit against them By AP |Las Vegas | Published: July 4, 2019 2:10:23 pm Why did a gambler kill 58 in 2017 Las Vegas shooting? FBI says it still doesn’t know Family of deadly Vegas shooting victim sues gun makers Carrie Parsons was one of 58 people killed when a gunman rained down gunfire from a high-rise hotel (Chase Stevens/Las Vegas Review-Journal via AP)The parents of a young woman killed in the 2017 Las Vegas massacre said Wednesday they blame gun manufacturers for their daughter’s death. Post Comment(s)last_img read more

Mental health issues on the rise due to global warming say scientists

first_img Exposure to a month with higher average temperature (over 30 degree C) was associated with more mental health issues. A five year warming of the climate by 1 degree Celsius was associated with a 2 percent rise in mental health problems. Mental health problems of people affected by the hurricane Katrina were compared with those who were unaffected. It was found that those who experienced Katrina had a 4 percent more risk of mental health issues. Source: In a landmark study published this Monday (8th October 2018) in the latest issue of the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a team of researchers have said that global warming could take a serious toll on mental health of humans. This could happen 22 years before the 2040 deadline set before, they add. The authors explain that yearly warming climates, short term exposure to extremes of weather as well as routine exposure to cycles could have a detrimental effect on the mental health of individuals.Study co-author Nick Obradovich, MIT Media Lab research scientist has explained that climate change can affect suicide rates and also have an effect on human moods. Exposure to heat, he said, can worsen mental health issues. The team led by Obradovich looked at mental health information from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System of over 2 million Americans and correlated it with daily meteorological and climatic data changes between 2002 and 2012. He warned that a 2 degree Celsius rise can push human mental health over the edge.The participants were asked to report their mental health status, stress, anxiety, depression and mood changes over 30 days. The team then correlated this with the climate changes and noted that when monthly temperatures averaged over 30 degrees Celsius or 86 degrees Fahrenheit or more, the mental health problems also soared when compared to temperatures around 10 to 15 degrees Celsius (50-59 degrees Fahrenheit). Further precipitation days also raised mental health problems they noted. In months when it rained for over 25 days, there was a rise in mental health problems by 2 percent, they noted when compared to months when there was no precipitation. Researchers warned that as the earth’s temperatures rose, the rain fall also increased due to increased water evaporation. Increase in evaporation also leads to more rain and storms they add.Related StoriesGoing teetotal shown to improve women’s mental health‘Climate grief’: Fears about the planet’s future weigh on Americans’ mental healthOnline training program helps managers to support employees’ mental health needsThe results of the study were presented in three ways; The team also found that the monthly effects of temperature on mental health problems were far more for women than for men (60 percent more than males). Further low-income individuals seemed to be affected more (60 percent more) with climate change than other income groups.Researchers have added a note to their study saying that the major limitation of this study was that the data came from a developed nation and from temperate climates. They called for more studies in the “regions with less-temperate climates, insufficient resources, and a greater reliance on ecological systems” and predicted that these regions may have more “severe effects of climate change on mental health.” The researchers also add that like all species humans may also adapt to warmer climates “technologically and physiologically” and so these problems may be solved in the near future. They write that humans could possibly adapt by, “psychological coping mechanisms, such as avoidance, seeking social support, or fostering mental preparedness.”The authors concluded in their study, “Given the vital role that sound mental health plays in personal, social, and economic well-being our findings provide added evidence that climatic changes pose substantial risks to human systems.”center_img By Dr. Ananya Mandal, MDOct 8 2018The problems associated with global warming are coming closer home say researchers. The warnings came in the form of a United Nations report that said that climate change catastrophe would become a routine occurrence come 2040.The UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change published this report this week (Monday 8th October 2018) saying that the greenhouse emissions are at their highest at present and at given rates they could spell disaster. Earlier the scientists had predicted a 2 degrees Celsius rise in earth’s temperature could have dangerous consequences. They not have said that a 1.5 degree rise is enough to tip the balance. Image Credit: Hung Chung Chih / Shutterstocklast_img read more

Scientists understand how sounds can incite fear

first_imgReviewed by Alina Shrourou, B.Sc. (Editor)Dec 5 2018How is it that a sound can send a chill down your spine? By observing individual brain cells of mice, scientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) are understanding how a sound can incite fear.Investigator Bo Li focuses on a part of the mouse brain called the amygdala where sights, sounds, and other stimuli take on positive or negative associations through experience. The continuous process of learning and unlearning that occurs in the amygdala appears impaired in people with anxiety disorders or major depression. Understanding brain cell, or neuron activity in the amygdala could result in better treatments.In the October issue of Nature Communications, Li and postdoctoral researcher Xian Zhang describe profound changes in neuron activity when they trained animals to fear a particular sound and associate another sound with a reward. “If you look at the patterns of brain cell activity in the amygdala, you can know whether the animal is expecting a reward or fearing a punishment,” Li explains.Related StoriesAn active brain and body associated with reduced risk of dementiaResearch team to create new technology for tackling concussionWearing a hearing aid may mitigate dementia riskLi and Zhang used a microscope with a lens small enough to implant in the brain of a mouse, to track the firing activity of specific neurons before, during, and after an animal’s training. They taught the animals to associate particular sounds with reward or punishment and saw the behavior of neurons evolve. The experiment associated one tone with an annoying puff of air–the punishment. The reward tone was a refreshing drop of water to drink.At first, neurons sensitive to sound responded to each tone by firing randomly. But when one tone was repeatedly accompanied by the puff of air, the neurons fired in a very specific pattern. This pattern closely resembled the firing pattern of another type of brain cell that fires when the mouse actually experienced the punishment. Likewise, when a tone was repeatedly paired with a sip of water, the sound-sensitive neurons fired in a pattern similar to neuron activity when the mouse received the water reward.As the firing patterns became more specific, the animals licked in response to the reward-associated tone–anticipating water. They blinked in response to the punishment-associated sound–anticipating an air puff.The researchers also switched the meaning of each tone. When the “reward” sound was repeatedly accompanied by an air puff, the neurons let go of the established “reward” firing pattern and adopted the “punishment” pattern. “We think this is how sound acquires meaning,” Li says.Source: read more

SIESTA project reduces sleep interruptions in hospitalized patients

first_img Source: Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Jan 8 2019Successful implementation depends on nurses who champion the causeSelective tinkering with the medical center’s electronic health records (EHR) system, plus a 20-minute presentation to doctors and nurses on the consequences of in-hospital sleep deprivation, was able to change the behavior of caregivers in ways that allowed more patients to sleep undisturbed through the night.Although patients may spend much of their time sitting in a chair or recovering in bed, hospitalization is seldom restful. Nighttime awakenings for various tests can disrupt sleep. This can cause grogginess, delirium and falls. To ameliorate this problem, researchers at the University of Chicago Medicine designed a study known as SIESTA (Sleep for Inpatients: Empowering Staff To Act).SIESTA uses “nudges” through the patients’ EHRs, urging doctors and nurses to avoid disruptions that are only minimally valuable, such as awakening patients overnight to measure their vital signs or to administer non-urgent medications.”Efforts to improve patients’ sleep are not new, but they do not often stick because they rely on staff to remember to implement the changes,” said the study’s lead author Vineet Arora, MD, professor of medicine at the University of Chicago and an authority on optimizing patient care in teaching hospitals, including disrupted sleep.In the January 2019 issue of the Journal of Hospital Medicine, Arora and colleagues describe their experiment, designed to measure the effects of SIESTA. They interviewed patients about barriers to sleep, integrated SIESTA’s sleep-friendly nudges into the EHR, and taught physicians and nurses how to use the sleep-friendly tools in the computer system. These efforts helped prevent needless disruptions.The study focused on two 18-bed general medicine units and lasted one year. From March 2015 to March 2016, 1,083 general medicine patients were admitted either to the SIESTA-enhanced unit or to a nearby standard hospital unit. While physicians who were trained in use of the nighttime orders rotated in both units, nurses in the SIESTA-enhanced unit received additional coaching to advocate for patients with physicians in that unit. While sleep-friendly orders increased in both units, the SIESTA-enhanced unit saw the most significant changes.Related StoriesUnpleasant experiences could be countered with a good night’s REM sleepIt is okay for women with lupus to get pregnant with proper care, says new studyStudy analyzes high capacity of A. baumannii to persist on various surfacesIn the SIESTA unit, decisions to forego nighttime vital signs every four hours increased dramatically, rising from 4 percent to 34 percent. Sleep-friendly timing of nighttime medications such as anticoagulants to prevent blood clots rose from 15 percent to 42 percent. Nighttime room entries decreased by 44 percent.Patients experienced six fewer room entries during sleeping hours. Patients noted four times fewer disruptions due to medications and three times fewer disruptions due to routine vital signs. The unit also saw an increase in the nationally used quiet-at-night patient experience measure.The authors conclude that physician and nursing education, coupled with changes to the EHR, led to a significant reduction of orders for overnight vital signs. It also led to more appropriate administration of nighttime medications in both the SIESTA and the standard unit.They add, however, that the virtues of a sleep-friendly environment “depend on the unit-based nurses championing the cause.” The initial emphasis on limiting nighttime room entries, for example, eventually faded, but sustained improvements were seen after nurses added SIESTA to their nursing unit huddles.”This illustrates the importance of engaging both nurses and physicians to create sleep-friendly environments in hospitals,” Arora said.last_img read more

Neurons produced after a stroke fail to develop properly research finds

first_imgStroke has long been known to increase adult neurogenesis. Despite the proliferation of new cells in a brain region critical for memory, previous stroke research in animals shows this process is accompanied by deficits on tasks that depend on the hippocampus. These observations led Albrecht Kunze and colleagues to investigate how newborn cells mature and integrate into the existing hippocampal network after stroke.By temporarily cutting off blood supply to the brains of male and female mice, the researchers demonstrate the neurons generated as a result of this stroke model develop into hyperexcitable cells that may contribute to hippocampal dysfunction. This finding begins to uncover the cellular mechanisms underlying post-stroke neuropsychiatric disorders.Source: Jan 9 2019Mice produce new neurons in the hippocampus following a stroke that fail to develop properly, finds new research published in JNeurosci. Intervening in the production of these cells may help to mitigate stroke-induced memory impairments.last_img read more

Walking cadence appears to be a reliable measure of exercise intensity

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Feb 4 2019In an ongoing study exploring walking for health across the adult lifespan, University of Massachusetts Amherst kinesiology researchers found that walking cadence is a reliable measure of exercise intensity and set simple steps-per-minute guidelines for moderate and vigorous intensity.Catrine Tudor-Locke, professor of kinesiology, and postdoctoral researchers Elroy Aguiar and Scott Ducharme concluded that for adults, age 21-40, walking about 100 steps per minute constitutes moderate intensity, while vigorous walking begins at about 130 steps per minute.The research, published this month in the International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, offers walkers a concrete way to track their activity level without relying on exercise devices or complicated calculations about oxygen consumption or heart rate. It represents the first set of outcomes from Tudor-Locke’s ongoing, five-year CADENCE-Adults study, funded with a $2.2 million grant from the NIH’s National Institute on Aging. The study seeks to establish the relationship between walking cadence (steps per minute) and intensity (metabolic rate) across the adult lifespan, from age 21 to 85.Using the study’s initial results for younger adults, walkers can simply count their steps to determine their approximate exercise intensity. Counting steps for 15 seconds and multiplying by four, for example, will determine steps per minute.”This research establishes a very practical method to measure the intensity of walking, one that is very easy to communicate and also rigorously validated by the science,” says Tudor-Locke, a well-known expert on the steps-per-day question.To ensure sex and age balance, researchers recruited 10 men and 10 women for each five-year age group between 21 and 40, for a total of 80 healthy participants. They performed a series of five-minute walks on a treadmill, with two-minute rests, as their cadence was hand-tallied and intensity (METs) was measured using a portable indirect calorimeter. Sessions began at .5 mph and increased in .5 mph increments until participants either began to run, reached 75 percent of their predicted maximum heart rate or reported a perceived exertion of “somewhat hard.”Related StoriesStudy reveals how protein mutation is involved in Christianson syndromeNew technology to harvest energy from the human kneeNew personalized prosthetic liners could help more amputees walk againFederal guidelines call for 150 minutes of “moderate” or 75 minutes of “vigorous” exercise each week. Moderate intensity is defined as activity that requires 3 METs (metabolic equivalents of task), or three times the amount of oxygen that’s consumed while sitting still. In the study, moderate-intensity walking began at about 2.7 mph and was equal to 3 METs. Vigorous walking was associated with 6 METs.Aguiar said that the natural walking pace of 90 percent of the study participants was above the moderate-pace threshold. “If you just tell people to walk at their normal speed, they probably are going to walk above 100 steps per minute. Asking people to walk for exercise is a low-cost, low-skill, feasible activity choice which has the potential to drastically improve people’s health,” he says.The research suggests a simple but powerful public health message: Just walk, as much as possible. “Our society has engineered movement out of our life,” Aguiar says. “We have TVs, we have cars, we have remotes. It’s clear that you can achieve the public health guidelines for physical activity through walking.”Researchers used two distinct analytical methods to determine the approximate walking cadence thresholds. They also found that after moderate intensity walking of 100 steps per minute was reached, each 10 steps-per-minute increase was associated with an increase in intensity of one MET. So, 4 METs is roughly equivalent to 110 steps per minute and 5 METs with 120 steps per minute.Although the findings confirm data from previous research, the CADENCE-Adults study is the first calibration study to use a sex-and-age-balanced sampling approach, Tudor-Locke said. Future reports from the study may establish age-appropriate walking thresholds. Source: read more

Better training needed for internal medicine residents to combat HIV epidemic survey

first_imgReviewed by Kate Anderton, B.Sc. (Editor)May 8 2019The nation’s HIV epidemic remains stubbornly persistent, with almost 40,000 new infections annually in the United States. That’s despite the fact that physicians have a proven tool to prevent the spread of the virus among high-risk individuals. The question is: Why isn’t pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP, more widely prescribed?A new survey of more than 200 Internal Medicine residents suggests the answer lies in the training physicians receive during the residency portion of their training.The study published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.”I think we know now that if we train people, they’ll do it,” said lead author Christopher Terndrup, M.D., assistant professor of medicine (general internal medicine and geriatrics) in the OHSU School of Medicine in Portland, Oregon. “We just need to make sure that’s happening.”Terndrup and co-authors surveyed internal medicine residents at five academic medical centers across the nation. Among the 229 residents who responded, the survey found that even though 96 percent had heard of PrEP, more than half rated their knowledge of the medication and its side effects as only poor or fair.Related StoriesReprogramming cells to control HIV infectionTwo new studies develop algorithms to identify patients at risk of acquiring HIVPatients with HIV DNA in cerebrospinal fluid have high risk of experiencing cognitive deficits”Residents who rated their knowledge more highly reported a greater likelihood of prescribing PrEP in the future,” the authors write.Terndrup said the research builds on a previous survey of PrEP familiarity among primary care physicians published in 2016. The new study focuses on residents in internal medicine because of the importance of residency training in shaping future medical practice.At OHSU, Terndrup noted that internal medicine residents undergo specific training to increase their familiarity in offering PrEP to patients at high risk of infection.”If there are programs out there that aren’t training their residents, they should be,” Terndrup said.The epidemic remains entrenched with outbreaks flaring up among vulnerable individuals. For example, the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention recently reported on an outbreak among a homeless population living in Seattle in 2018.Meanwhile, a recent draft recommendation by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force suggests that physicians offer PrEP with effective antiretroviral therapy to people at high risk of acquiring HIV. The study was the result of an evidence review led by Roger Chou, M.D., director of the Pacific Northwest Evidence-based Practice Center at OHSU and a professor of medicine (general internal medicine and geriatrics) in the OHSU School of Medicine.The new survey suggests that training should be improved across the nation.”Given the significant need for PrEP, [internal medicine] residents should be trained to achieve adequate knowledge and comfort levels to prescribe it,” the authors write.Source: read more

New small optical nanosensor could soon measure air pollution

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Jun 14 2019Air pollution is responsible for 550,000 premature deaths a year in Europe – and 7 million worldwide, according to the WHO. Measuring it can be a challenge, however, as the equipment tends to be large and expensive. But soon, this may change, thanks to a small, optical nano-sensor developed at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, which can be mounted onto an ordinary streetlight.The technology is already in use in western Sweden, and researchers and other interested parties hope that the sensor could soon be used in many broad contexts. A collaboration with the University of Sheffield is also underway.”Air pollution is a global health problem. To be able to contribute to increased knowledge and a better environment feels great. With the help of these small, portable sensors, it can become both simpler and cheaper to measure dangerous emissions extremely accurately,” says Chalmers researcher Irem Tanyeli, who has helped develop the small sensors, which measure nitrogen dioxide with great precision.For the hi-tech sensors to make the move from the lab out into the real world, Irem Tanyeli worked with the Gothenburg-based company Insplorion, co-founded by Chalmers researcher Christoph Langhammer in 2010. With help from financier Mistra Innovation, he has been involved with the company’s efforts at taking on the great environmental challenge of precisely mapping air pollution.”This is a great example of how a university and a company can collaborate. Both parties contribute with their expertise to create a new product, contributing to a more sustainable society,” says Christoph Langhammer, Professor at the Chalmers Department of Physics.Exhaust gases from road traffic are responsible for the majority of nitrogen dioxide pollution in the air. Breathing in nitrogen dioxide is harmful to our health, even at very low levels, and can damage our respiratory systems and lead to cardiac and vascular diseases. According to the World Health Organization, air pollution is the single biggest environmental health risk worldwide.The new optical nano-sensor can detect low concentrations of nitrogen dioxide very precisely – down to the parts-per-billion level (ppb). The measuring technique is built upon an optical phenomenon which is called a plasmon. It arises when metal nanoparticles are illuminated and absorb light of certain wavelengths. Christoph Langhammer and his research group have been working in this area for over a decade, and now innovations are starting to see the light of day.Related StoriesIncreased air pollution could reduce health benefits of living in walkable neighborhoodsLiving environment, air pollution may be linked to increased risk of hypertensionInternational tourists are more susceptible to harmful effects of air pollutionFor the last two years, Irem Tanyeli has been working with optimizing the sensor material and conducting tests under differently simulated environmental conditions. The technology is now installed in a streetlight in Gothenburg, as part of a collaboration with lighting company Leading Light, to measure the quantity of nitrogen dioxide molecules in the urban environment.”In the future, we hope that the technology also can be integrated into other urban infrastructure, like traffic lights or speed cameras, or for measuring air quality indoors,” says Irem Tanyeli.A sensor is also installed on the roof of Nordstan in Gothenburg, one of Scandinavia’s biggest shopping malls, and soon more will be placed along the route of Västlänken, a major railway tunnel construction project, also in Gothenburg.The technology has already raised interest from several organizations, including the Urban Flows Observatory, an air quality center at the University of Sheffield. They will conduct field testing, comparing the nanosensors’ results with data from a number of British reference stations.”There is a lack of small functional nitrogen dioxide sensors on the market. We find this nano plasmonic solution interesting, and look forward to the test results,” says Professor Martin Mayfield at Urban Flows Observatory, University of Sheffield.Other interested parties include Stenhøj Sverige, a company, which develops gas and smoke analyzers for automotive repair shops and vehicle inspection companies, as well as IVL, Swedish Environmental Research Institute. IVL works with applied research and development in close collaboration with industry and the public sphere to address environmental issues.The new sensor technology is not limited to measuring nitrogen dioxide but can also be adapted to other types of gases. There is therefore potential for further innovation.”Nitrogen dioxide is just one of the many substances which can be detected with the help of optical nanosensors. There are great opportunities for this type of technology,” says Christoph Langhammer.Source:Chalmers University of Technologylast_img read more

Google boosts efforts to help news organizations with 300 mn

© 2018 AFP Google on Tuesday launched a new initiative, committing $300 million to help news publishers get more paid subscribers while stemming the flow of misinformation. The internet giant described the Google News Initiative as part of an “effort to help journalism thrive in the digital age.”The announcement in New York followed a series of commitments to help the troubled sector by Google, which has been accused by some in the news industry of sapping revenues from the digital ecosystem.”I have always believed that the future of Google and the future of our publishing partners were linked,”Google chief business officer Philipp Schindler said in announcing the initiative.”If you are not successful, we are not successful.”Google will enable its users to subscribe to news sites in as little as two clicks through their Google accounts, and will step up efforts to help news organizations add paying subscribers.The initiative was developed with some 60 media partners including the Washington Post, Financial Times, French-based Le Figaro, Brazil’s Grupo Globo and Italy’s La Republica.Objectives outlined by the initiative included raising the quality of journalism; strengthening business models of publishers, and helping news organizations capitalize on technological innovations.Google has worked with the news industry for years, with moves ranging from getting pages to load faster on smartphones and making a YouTube player for publishers to creating a lab for newsroom training and a Digital News Initiative in Europe.”We invested a lot time and energy in these collaborations,” Schindler said.”But the hard truth is—all of this might not be enough. It’s becoming increasingly difficult to distinguish what’s true and what’s not online.”The Google News Initiative is intended to consolidate the technology firm’s efforts to support journalism, according to Schindler.Google systems are being trained to recognize breaking news situations and adjust to give more weight to authoritative content as part of the initiative.”Bad actors often target breaking news on Google platforms, increasing the likelihood that people are exposed to inaccurate content,” Schindler said.Google is also launching a lab devoted to finding ways to combat disinformation during elections or breaking news events.The California-based technology firm also said it is teaming up with the Poynter Institute, Stanford University, and the Local Media Association in the US to launch a MediaWise project designed to help young people be savvy about evaluating news online.Google also made it easier for people to subscribe to news outlets, and was testing how to use artificial intelligence to help publishers recognize and win over potential subscribers, according to Schindler.Google also unveiled an “Outline” tool that news organizations can use to easily set up secure online connections using virtual private network (VPN) technology.”We’re also deepening our commitment to building products that address the news industry’s most urgent needs.,” Schindler said.The new initiative comes as Facebook, Google and Twitter face are under tremendous pressure to prevent their platforms from being used for propaganda or malicious manipulation. Google, whose recently acquired New York building is seen here, unveiled a $300 million initiative to help news organizations and stem the flow of misinformation This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Google unveils new moves to boost struggling news organizations (Update) Citation: Google boosts efforts to help news organizations, with $300 mn (2018, March 20) retrieved 18 July 2019 from Explore further read more

Amazon pays just 22M in tax in UK despite surge in profits

first_img Citation: Amazon pays just $2.2M in tax in UK despite surge in profits (2018, August 3) retrieved 18 July 2019 from © 2018 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. Explore further Amazon is facing criticism after its British tax bill fell despite a big jump in sales and profits. Records show Amazon U.K. Services Ltd. faced a 2017 tax bill of 4.6 million pounds ($6 million) but paid 1.7 million pounds ($2.2 million), deferring the rest.Its pre-tax profits for the period were 72.4 million pounds, almost triple the previous year’s 24.3 million pounds. Revenue was 1.99 billion pounds, up from 1.46 billion pounds.The tax-payment decrease was partly due to shares payments to staff, which were counted as a cost and deducted from profits.Amazon said Friday that it pays “all taxes required in the U.K. and every country where we operate.”Brick-and-mortar British retailers say they struggle to compete with online giants that use loopholes to lower their bill. Drugmaker GSK says first quarter revenue dropped 2 percent This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

These Android phones have security defects out of the box researchers say

first_imgCredit: CC0 Public Domain Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: These Android phones have security defects out of the box, researchers say (2018, August 17) retrieved 18 July 2019 from Researchers find some smartphone models more vulnerable to attackcenter_img ©2018 The Mercury News (San Jose, Calif.) Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC. Researchers from the firm Kryptowire found 38 vulnerabilities in 25 Android phones, according to Wired. They range from being able to lock someone out of their device to gaining unapproved and secret access to the smartphone’s microphone.Ryan Johnson, Kryptowire’s director of research, and Angelos Stavrou, the company’s CEO, disclosed their findings recently at the Black Hat security conference in Las Vegas, according to Wired. Kryptowire’s research was partially funded by the Department of Homeland Security.The 11 Android phones listed by Kryptowire as vulnerable and popular in the United States are a mix of foreign manufacturers—such as China-based ZTE, Taiwan-based Asus and South Korea-based LG—and American phone manufacturers, such as Palo Alto-based Essential, which was founded by Andy Rubin, the creator of Android.Once hackers exploit the pre-set vulnerabilities in the Android phones, they can track every move and turn the phone into a surveillance tool to collect information on its owner, according to CNET, which also reported on the study. Hackers could record screens, take screenshots, do a factory reset on a device, and potentially get logs of what the owner is typing, reading and contacting.The vulnerabilities largely occurred after manufacturers tinkered with the open Android operating system to their liking and didn’t consider security issues as a byproduct, according to Wired.”All of these are vulnerabilities that are prepositioned,” said Stavrou, according to CNET. “That’s important because consumers think they’re only exposed if they download something that’s bad.”Kryptowire alerted the smartphone companies of the vulnerabilities before the presentation, and the firms have taken a varied range of actions since. Essential said they patched the vulnerabilities soon after they were informed, and LG, ZTE and Asus have patched some of the bugs and are continuing to fix the issues, according to CNET. At least 25 Android smartphone models—11 of which are sold by major U.S. carriers—carry vulnerabilities out of the box, making them easy prey for hackers, according to a new study from security researchers.last_img read more

BA scrambles to address theft of passenger bank details

first_imgBritish Airways will financially compensate customers whose bank card data were stolen in a “sophisticated” and “malicious” hack, chief executive Alex Cruz said Friday as he apologised for the fiasco. © 2018 AFP The data breach involved 380,000 bank cards Citation: BA scrambles to address theft of passenger bank details (2018, September 7) retrieved 17 July 2019 from Explore furthercenter_img British Airways hacked with details of 380,000 bank cards stolen (Update) BA late Thursday revealed that personal and financial details of about 380,000 customers who booked flights on the group’s website and mobile phone app between August 21 and Wednesday had been stolen.The revelation comes just a few months after the European Union tightened data protection laws with the so-called General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).”We’re extremely sorry for what has happened,” Cruz told the BBC on Friday.”There was a very sophisticated, malicious, criminal attack on our website.”BA took out full-page adverts in the UK newspapers on Friday to apologise to customers, while the share price of parent group IAG was down more than three percent in London deals.”We are 100 percent committed to compensate them,” Cruz said.”We will compensate them for any financial hardship that they may have suffered,” he told the broadcaster.BA said it had launched an urgent investigation after realising that bank cards used to book its flights had been hacked.The stolen data comprised customer names, postal addresses, email addresses and credit card information. However the 15-day breach did not involve travel or passport details and has been fixed, the airline added.Regulators investigate”The moment we found out (Wednesday) that actual customer data had been compromised, that’s when we began an all out immediate communication to our customers. That was our priority,” Cruz said.However Enza Iannopollo, privacy and security analyst at advisory group Forrester, said BA could have done better on informing those affected.”If the timeline is confirmed and BA became aware of the breach on the evening of September 5th, then they have done their breach notification on time, which is of course a good thing,” she said in a statement. “However, customers are obviously not impressed about BA breach management at present. Some discovered it on social media, others reported wasting hours on the phone with their bank, everyone expects more from a company that truly cares about its customers.””Terrible handling of the situation,” tweeted one affected customer, Mat Thomas. Iannopollo told AFP that it was too early to know whether BA would be fined over the affair.”Regulators will assess the circumstances of this breach consistently with GDPR requirements” that came into force in May.Britain’s National Crime Agency said it was assessing the matter, while the UK’s data protection watchdog, the Information Commissioner’s Office, will make its own enquiries.”The ICO will do its assessment and investigation to determine whether to levy a fine or impose any enforcement action, but this will take some time and it might be that the regulator determines that rules were not breached,” Iannopollo said.About 1100 GMT, shares in IAG, which also runs Spanish carriers Iberia and Vueling as well as Irish airline Aer Lingus, were down 3.5 percent at 657.60 pence on London’s benchmark FTSE 100 index, down 0.8 percent overall.”Today’s news is a reminder of just what a hot issue cyber security remains and the importance of companies having the right protections in place to mitigate the risk posed by attacks,” noted Russ Mould, investment director at AJ Bell.GDPR meanwhile establishes the key principle that individuals must explicitly grant permission for their data to be used.The case for the new rules had been boosted by a scandal over the harvesting of Facebook users’ data by Cambridge Analytica, a US-British political research firm, for the 2016 US presidential election. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Remember virtual reality Its buzz has faded at CES 2019

first_imgOculus VR headsets are on display at CES International, Tuesday, Jan. 8, 2019, in Las Vegas. (AP Photo/John Locher) SuperData, a digital games and VR market research company owned by Nielsen Holdings, estimates that consumer VR software investments dropped by a stunning 59 percent in 2018, to $173 million from $420 million the year before.Software makers are retrenching. IMAX said in late December it was shutting down its VR unit. Jaunt, a startup focused on cinematic VR and once backed by Disney, restructured this year. Its new focus? VR’s cousin technology, “augmented reality,” which paints consumer-simulated objects into the real world, a la the cartoony monsters of “Pokemon Go.”A few games have been modest hits. “Beat Saber” a VR game in which players move a lightsaber to music, sold over 100,000 copies in its first month and became the seventh highest-rated game on Steam, according to Forbes. But such titles are few and far between.There’s one other problem: VR isn’t very social, Petrock said. There’s no easy way to share the experience with others on social media or within the games themselves, making a VR experience less likely to go viral the way, say, “Fortnite” has. “You have your headset strapped on and you’re in a virtual world but it is solitary,” she said.VR “is still is the next big thing, but anything good takes time and effort,” said Gartner analyst Tuong Nguyen. “The industry as a whole did overhype it.”He compares the current VR industry to the TV industry when HDTV first came out. People bought new high-definition sets but were disappointed when there wasn’t anything to watch in the new format. For VR, “the kind of breadth and depth of content isn’t all quite there,” he said. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further People use Oculus VR headsets at the Panasonic booth at CES International, Tuesday, Jan. 8, 2019, in Las Vegas. (AP Photo/John Locher) More alarming, though, VR still suffers from a lack of hit software. Many major game publishers have largely avoided the field so far, and venture funding for VR software development has nosedived this year. Citation: Remember virtual reality? Its buzz has faded at CES 2019 (2019, January 9) retrieved 17 July 2019 from Facebook unveils Quest, its new virtual-reality headset © 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. But the buzz over VR has faded to a whisper. At the CES 2019 tech show in Las Vegas, Facebook’s Oculus unit isn’t holding any glitzy press events, just closed-door demos for its upcoming Oculus Quest, a $399 untethered headset due out in the spring. Other VR companies are similarly subdued. HTC announced two new headsets—one with only sketchy details—while Sony has some kiosks for its $300 PlayStation VR set in the main hall.It’s a world away from the scene a few years ago, when VR products from Samsung, Oculus, HTC and Sony seemed omnipresent and unstoppable at CES. These days, VR is mostly a niche product for gaming and business training, held back by expensive, clunky headsets, a paucity of interesting software and other technological shortcomings.”VR hasn’t escaped the early adopter, gamer-oriented segment,” said Forrester analyst J.P. Gownder—himself an early adopter who chafed in 2016 at delays in shipping Facebook’s then-groundbreaking Oculus Rift system. Gownder said many existing VR setups are still too hard to use; even simpler mobile systems like Samsung’s Gear VR, he said, don’t offer “a clear reason for the average non-gamer to get involved.”VR proponents are still dreaming big, although the challenges remain formidable. Shipments of VR headsets rose 8 percent in the third quarter compared to the previous year, to 1.9 million units, according to data research firm International Data Corp.—an uptick that followed four consecutive quarters of decline . Nearly a quarter of a million units of Facebook’s Oculus Go and Xiaomi’s Mi VR—the same stand-alone VR headset, sold under different names in different markets—shipped worldwide in the quarter, IDC said.Those still aren’t huge numbers for a technology that seemed to hold such promise in 2012 when early demonstrations of the Oculus Rift wowed audiences—so much that Facebook acquired Oculus for $2 billion two years later. Despite large sums ploughed into the field by Facebook, Sony, Samsung, Microsoft and Google, VR hasn’t yet made much of a dent in the real world.Some of the biggest consumer complaints involve expense, laggy or glitchy graphics and the fact that many systems still tether the headsets to gaming consoles or PCs. “Technology is still what’s holding VR back,” said eMarketer analyst Victoria Petrock. Upcoming stand-alone headsets like the Oculus Quest could solve some of those problems. Just a few years ago, virtual reality was poised to take over the world. After decades of near misses, the revolution finally seemed imminent, with slick consumer headsets about to hit the market and industries from gaming and entertainment to social media ready to hop on the bandwagon.last_img read more

Feeding Frenzy of 11 Sharks Ends in Surprising Twist … And a

first_img In Photos: Great White Shark Washes Up on Santa Cruz Beach The scientists were operating the Deep Discoverer 1,476 feet (450 meters) below the surface of the Atlantic Ocean, searching for a World War II shipwreck. They directed the rover up a small incline, expecting to find the boat but instead discovered the swarm of small sharks, called dogfish. The predators had likely sensed this swordfish “food fall” from a long distance and had traveled for the feast, Peter J. Auster of Mystic Aquarium and the University of Connecticut, wrote in the team’s mission log. When the wreckfish, a type of grouper, meandered in front of the camera with a shark tail protruding from its mouth, the scientists came to a clear conclusion: The guest had been watching the feeding frenzy the entire time, stealthily hiding behind the rover itself. These Sharks Were Too Busy to Notice a Bigger Predator Watching ThemThe unexpected twist at the end of this feeding frenzy delighted scientists.Credit: NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research, Windows to the Deep 2019Volume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9接下来播放Better Bug Sprays?01:33关闭选项Automated Captions – en-US facebook twitter 发邮件 reddit 链接已复制自动 270p270p180p正在加载广告直播00:0002:2802:28Your Recommended Playlist01:33Better Bug Sprays?01:08Why Do French Fries Taste So Bad When They’re Cold?04:24Sperm Whale Befriends Underwater Robot00:29Robot Jumps Like a Grasshopper, Rolls Like a Ball00:29Video – Giggly Robot02:31Surgical Robotics关闭 Catching a glimpse of an underwater feeding frenzy involving 11 sharks was enough to startle and exhilarate a group of scientists off the coast of South Carolina last month. But the researchers lost their minds when a sneaky guest, a wreckfish, swam directly in front of their camera with one of the sharks wriggling around in its mouth. The fish had swallowed a shark whole, as the busy predators darted about to grab morsels from the 250-lb. (110 kilograms) carcass of a swordfish.Advertisement “Oh my god — I’m going to remember this my whole life,” one of the researchers says in footage of the feeding frenzy. [In Photos: Great White Sharks Attack] A remotely operated vehicle called the Deep Discoverer captured the video. The scientists operating the vehicle were conducting research for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) aboard the ship Okeanos Explorer. This was the Deep Discoverer’s seventh dive on an expedition called Windows to the Deep. Photos: Orcas Are Chowing Down on Great-White-Shark Organs Things didn’t end well for one of the sharks. Credit: NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research, Windows to the Deep 2019 Images: Sharks & Whales from Above Though surprising, this isn’t the first time a fish has been caught on camera swallowing a shark. Last year, people fishing off the coast of Florida caught footage of a 500-lb. (227 kg) goliath grouper darting up to the water’s surface and nabbing a 4-foot-long (1.2 m) shark, Fox News reported at the time. One shark expert said this behavior is run-of-the-mill, “fish-eat-fish” ocean life. “It might be unusual to see it, but it’s not entirely unusual [for it to happen], no,” Daniel Abel, a marine biologist at Coastal Carolina University, told Live Science. “A big grouper is going to eat anything smaller than itself.” The law of the ocean food chain is a brutal one, Abel said: Anything smaller than yourself is fair game for predators like sharks and groupers. Large groupers are known predators of sharks like dogfish, Abel said. And aside from humans, sharks are their own greatest predators, he added. The unlucky dogfish caught on camera didn’t fall victim to a fellow shark, but it did just happen to be smaller than the hungry grouper watching it — and too busy chowing down to notice. This swarm of small sharks, known as dogfish, are chowing down on a swordfish. Credit: NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research, Windows to the Deep 2019 Originally published on Live Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeVikings: Free Online GamePlay this for 1 min and see why everyone is addicted!Vikings: Free Online GameUndoBeverly Hills MDPlastic Surgeon Reveals: “You Can Fill In Wrinkles At Home” (Here’s How)Beverly Hills MDUndoTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionOne Thing All Liars Have in Common, Brace YourselfTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionUndoKelley Blue Book2019 Lexus Vehicles Worth Buying for Their Resale ValueKelley Blue BookUndoGundry MD Total Restore SupplementU.S. Cardiologist: It’s Like a Pressure Wash for Your InsidesGundry MD Total Restore SupplementUndoTop 10 Best Meal DeliveryMeal Kit Wars: 10 Tested & Ranked. See Who WonTop 10 Best Meal DeliveryUndolast_img read more

Colombias Duque says working to stop slayings of community leaders

first_img World 28 May 2019 Peru and Colombia call for more aid to help with Venezuelan migratory crisis Duque’s government has said that, according to cases verified by the United Nations, 281 community leaders were killed from May 2016 to May 2019.Duque said that during his meeting with the Security Council delegation, he detailed progress his government has made on reducing the pace of killings of community leaders.His government has said the number of killings of community leaders dropped about 30% over a recent 9-month period. But Human Rights Watch (HRW) has called that misleading because scores of killings in that period were still being verified.”The government of Colombia should be redoubling its efforts to address this crisis, not finding ways to downplay it,” Jose Miguel Vivano, HRW’s executive director for the Americas said in a statement last month.The peace agreement sought to demobilize some 13,000 FARC rebels, allowing them to re-integrate into society and politics.Gustavo-Meza with the Security Council praised Colombia’s peace deal as “example” for the world.The delegation, which arrived late on Thursday, will visit re-integration programs for former FARC rebels and meet with representatives of the FARC political party and a special court and commission for investigating war crimes.Duque said he asked the Security Council to continue reviewing Colombia’s progress on fulfilling the peace agreement for another year. “We think its work, scrutiny and accompaniment is vital to the success of this process,” he said. (Reporting By Luis Jaime Acosta, Additional Reporting and Writing By Mitra Taj; Editing by David Gregorio) Related News LIMA (Reuters) – Colombia is working to halt scores of slayings of community leaders by criminal groups and remnant bands of rebels following the country’s historic 2016 peace deal, President Ivan Duque said on Friday, during a visit from the UN Security Council.The peace agreement with Marxist FARC rebels ended a half-century conflict that killed some 260,000 people. But criminal groups and the National Liberation Army (ELN) have filled the void left by the FARC in remote areas to control narcotics and illegal mining operations.”They want to intimidate and kill social leaders who are calling on their communities to abandon illegal activities,” Duque told journalists as he spoke beside the presiding head of the Security Council, Gustavo Meza-Cuadra.The Security Council will be in Colombia through Sunday to assess progress under the peace deal, which is being tested by the disappearance of a FARC lawmaker wanted on drug-trafficking charges and by ongoing violence in parts of the country. Related Newscenter_img World 10 Jul 2019 Former FARC leader in Colombia fails to show up in court in drug-trafficking case {{category}} {{time}} {{title}} World 30 May 2019 Colombia’s Supreme Court orders release of ex-FARC leaderlast_img read more

BJP approached Goa MLAs offered ministerial berths A Chellakumar

first_img India Today Web Desk New DelhiJuly 11, 2019UPDATED: July 11, 2019 22:45 IST A Chellakumar said that Congress will continue to work at the grassroots level to revive the party. (Photo: ANI)As 10 of Congress’s MLAs joined the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in Goa on Thursday, party state in-charge A Chellakumar alleged that the saffron party started poaching the Congress MLAs right after forming the government in the state.A Chellakumar, who is in Goa to take stock of the situation in the coastal state, also claimed that some of the rebel MLAs told him that it was the BJP which approached them and offered ministerial berths in the state government.On Wednesday, a group of 10 Congress MLAs in Goa, led by Leader of Opposition in the assembly Chandrakant Kavlekar, merged with the ruling BJP, increasing the saffron party’s strength to 27 in the 40-member House.Speaking to news agency ANI, A Chellakumar said, “Some of the MLAs who have left, they called me and told me ‘BJP has approached me, so and so person came to my house, gave this much offer and ministerial berth’.””The poaching of MLAs, they [the BJP] started the process right after forming the government [in Goa],” A Chellakumar said.Chellakumar also said that Congress will continue to work at the grassroots level to revive the party, which now has just five MLAs in the state Assembly. He alleged that the BJP is luring MLAs from opposition parties by offering them crores of rupees.”I was told in the past by my MLAs that they were offered crores of rupees to switch sides. Our MLAs [the 10 who joined the BJP] have changed their affiliation by compromising with the welfare of the state,” Chellakumar said.The Congress leader accused Prime Minister Narendra Modi and BJP president Amit Shah of indulging in such “tricks” across the country, including Karnataka. Chellakumar alleged that the BJP has turned politics into a “game of money”.(With agency inputs)Also Read | Goa CM Pramod Sawant meets Amit Shah, 10 Congress MLAs formally join BJPAlso Read | 10 rebel Goa Congress MLAs, CM Sawant meet JP Nadda in DelhiAlso Watch | Watch: JP Nadda welcomes 10 rebel Goa Congress MLAs into BJPFor the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted byChanchal Chauhan BJP approached Goa MLAs, offered ministerial berths: A ChellakumarA Chellakumar, who is in Goa to take stock of the situation in the coastal state, also claimed that some of the rebel MLAs told him that it was the BJP which approached them and offered ministerial berths in the state government. advertisement Nextlast_img read more

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4,Strict gun laws in one state can only do so much if there is a more permissive purchasing environment just across the state line We have lower budgets but our performances match (those of) ISL teams,southwest monsoon? to discuss symptoms and treatment. specifically asking them to pay workers and pensioners. some National Football League players took a knee during the anthem to protest police shootings of unarmed black men, ND – 72,上海419论坛HO, 2015. read more